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Voyage musical en Allemagne et en Italie. Études sur Beethoven, Gluck et Weber. Mélanges et nouvelles. by: Berlioz, Hector, Buy Voyage D'Italie, de Dalmatie, de Gr?ce, Et Du Levant, Fait?S Ann?es Et , Vol. 2 (Classic Reprint) by Jacob Spon online at Alibris.

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At the same time Sidney Smith , commander of the British fleet, and his ships' crews landed. These factors renewed the courage of the besieged and they pushed Bonaparte's force back, with stubborn fury on both sides. Three final consecutive assaults were all repulsed, convincing Bonaparte that it would be unwise to continue trying to capture Acre. He raised the siege in May and consoled his soldiers with the proclamation:.

The French force's situation was now critical — the enemy could harass its rear as it retreated, it was tired and hungry in the desert, and it was carrying a large number of plague-sufferers. To carry these sufferers in the middle of the army would spread the disease, so they had to be carried in the rear, where they were most at risk from the fury of the Ottomans, keen to avenge the massacres at Jaffa.

There were two hospital depots, one in the large hospital on Mount Carmel and the other at Jaffa. The gun horses were abandoned before Acre and Bonaparte and all his officers handed their horses over to the transport officer Daure, with Bonaparte walking to set an example. To conceal its withdrawal from the siege, the army set off at night. Arriving at Jaffa, Bonaparte ordered three evacuations of the plague sufferers to three different points — one by sea to Damietta , one by land to Gaza and another by land to Arish.

During the retreat the army picked clean all the lands through which they passed, with livestock, crops and houses all being destroyed. Gaza was the only place to be spared, in return for remaining loyal to Bonaparte. To speed the retreat, Napoleon suggested the controversial step of euthanizing his own soldiers who were terminally ill with plague between 15 and 50, sources vary and not expected to recover through an opium overdose, to relieve their suffering, ease the retreat, prevent the spread of the disease and prevent the torture and executions the soldiers left behind would have received if captured by the enemy; his doctors refused to carry out such orders [30] [31] [32] but there is also evidence in the form of first-hand testimonies that claim the mass euthanasia did take place, and the matter remains one for debate.

Finally, after four months away from Egypt, the expedition arrived back at Cairo with 1, wounded, having lost men to the plague and 1, to enemy action. In the meantime Ottoman and British emissaries had brought news of Bonaparte's setback at Acre to Egypt, stating that his expeditionary force was largely destroyed and Bonaparte himself was dead.

On his return Bonaparte scotched these rumours by re-entering Egypt as if he was at the head of a triumphal army, with his soldiers carrying palm branches, emblems of victory. In his proclamation to the inhabitants of Cairo, Bonaparte told them:.

He has entered Cairo by the gate of Victory. This day is a great day; no one has ever seen its like; all the inhabitants of Cairo have come out to meet him. They have seen and recognised that it is the same commander in chief, Bonaparte, in his own person; but those of Jaffa, having refused to surrender, he handed them all over to pillage and death in his anger. He has destroyed all its ramparts and killed all those found there. There were around 5, of Jezzar's troops in Jaffa — he destroyed them all.

The French were determined to exterminate the Mamluks or to expel them from Egypt. By that time, the Mamluks were driven out of Faiyum to Upper Egypt. General Desaix informed Bonaparte of his situation, and soon received a reinforcement of 1, cavalry and three light artillery pieces, commanded by General Davout. On 29 December , the French army arrived at Girga , capital of Upper Egypt, and waited there for a flotilla to bring them ammunition.

However, twenty days passed without hearing of the flotilla. In the meantime, Mourad Bey had contacted chieftains from Jeddah and Yanbu to cross the Red Sea and to exterminate a handful of infidels who have come to destroy the religion of Mohammed. He also sent emissaries to Nubia to bring reinforcements, and Hassan Bey Jeddaoui who also conjured to join against the enemies of the Quran.

Upon hearing these endeavours, General Davout mobilized his forces on 2—3 January , where he met a multitude of armed men near the village of Sawaqui. However, the locals kept gathering around Asyut to combat the French. On 8 January, Davout met another local forces at Tahta , where he killed a thousand men and put the rest to flight. The combined Muslim army marched on 21 January in the desert, until they reached Samhud near Qena. On 22 January, Desaix formed three squares, two infantry and one cavalry.

The latter was placed in the centre of the other two, in order to be protected. The French were scarcely drawn up in line, as the enemy cavalry completely surrounded them, while a column of Arabs from Yanbu fired continuously on their left. Desaix instructed the riflemen of the 96th Infantry Regiment to attack them, while Rapp and Savary , at the head of a squadron of cavalry, would charge the enemy in flank.

The Arabs were attacked so vividly which forced them to flee, leaving about thirty of their own in the square, both killed and wounded. Afterwards, the Arabs of Yanbu, having rallied, came back to attack, and wanted to capture the village of Samhud, but the riflemen of the 96th Infantry Regiment assaulted them viciously and directed against them such a sustained fire, in which they were obliged to withdraw, after having lost many people.

However, the numerous Muslim forces were advancing, uttering frightful cries, and the Mamluks swooped down on the squares commanded by the generals, Friant and Belliard , but they were so strongly repulsed by artillery and musketry fire that they had to withdraw, leaving the battlefield strewn with their dead. Mourad Bey and Osman bey Hassan, who commanded the Mamluk corps, could not stand against the charge of Davout's cavalry.

They abandoned their positions, and dragged the whole army in their flight. The French pursued their enemies until the next day, and did not stop until after having pushed them beyond the Cataracts of the Nile. Desaix continued to march south, as he reached Esneh on 9 February. Meanwhile, Osman bey Hassan had stationed his forces at the foot of a mountain near Aswan. On 12 February, General Davout discovered the enemy positions and immediately made his military arrangements.

He formed his cavalry in two lines, and, in this order of battle, he swooped down on the Mamluks. Osman bey Hassan was dangerously wounded, as he saw his horse killed under him. The French cavalry rushed with such impetuosity on the Muslims, and the fight turned into fury. However, the Mamluks were defeated and forced to abandon the battlefield. When Desaix and his forces reached Asyut, his flotilla was left behind near Qena.

On 3 March, Muslims launched an attack on the flotilla which was called "L' Italie" led by Captain Morandi with marines and wounded and blind on board. Morandi tried to manoeuvre but the vessel was boarded by hundreds of invaders, in which he ordered that the vessel to be set on fire. He was later killed by rain of hostile bullets. However, all on board were eventually mutilated and killed. On 8 March , General Belliard led his forces to fight 3, Meccan Infantry and Mamluks in the plain of Abnud, located on the right bank of the Nile to the south of Qena.

The French with their square formation managed to advance on the Muslims forces who later garrisoned themselves in the houses of Abnud. The fighting lasted for hours, afterward, the French managed to reach the courtyard of the village and set the houses on fire. The Muslims were forced to escape and the remaining injured were all killed. The Mamluks maintained with their strategy of inciting the locals against the French forces.

On 29 May , General Belliard managed to capture Kosseir on the Red Sea, after he marched through the desert, to halt further incoming of Meccan troops or any possible invasion from the English. At Cairo the army found the rest and supplies it needed to recover, but its stay there could not be a long one. Bonaparte thus marched to attack him at Giza, also learning that Ottoman ships were off Aboukir, threatening Alexandria.

Before leaving Giza, where he found them, Bonaparte wrote to Cairo's divan, stating:. Eighty ships have dared to attack Alexandria but, beaten back by the artillery in that place, they have gone to anchor in Aboukir Bay, where they began disembarking [troops]. I leave them to do this, since my intention is to attack them, to kill all those who do not wish to surrender, and to leave others alive to be led in triumph to Cairo.

This will be a handsome spectacle for the city. First Bonaparte advanced to Alexandria, from which he marched to Aboukir, whose fort was now strongly garrisoned by the Ottomans. Bonaparte deployed his army so that Mustapha would have to win or die with all his family. Mustapha's army was 18, strong and supported by several cannons, with trenches defending it on the landward side and free communication with the Ottoman fleet on the seaward side.

Bonaparte ordered an attack on 25 July and the Battle of Abukir ensued. In a few hours the trenches were taken, 10, Ottomans drowned in the sea [ citation needed ] and the rest captured or killed. Most of the credit for the French victory that day goes to Murat, who captured Mustapha himself. Mustapha's son was in command of the fort and he and all his officers survived but were captured and sent back to Cairo as part of the French triumphal procession.

Seeing Bonaparte return with these high-ranking prisoners, the population of Cairo superstitiously welcomed him as a prophet-warrior who had predicted his own triumph with such remarkable precision. The land battle at Abukir was Bonaparte's last action in Egypt, partly restoring his reputation after the French naval defeat at the same place a year earlier. With the Egyptian campaign stagnating and political instability developing back home, a new phase in Bonaparte's career was beginning — he felt that he had nothing left to do in Egypt which was worthy of his ambition and that as had been shown by the defeat at Acre the forces he had left to him there were not sufficient for an expedition of any importance outside of Egypt.

He also foresaw that the army was getting yet weaker from losses in battle and to disease and would soon have to surrender and be taken prisoner by its enemies, which would destroy all the prestige he had won by his many victories. Bonaparte thus spontaneously decided to return to France. During the prisoner exchange at Aboukir and notably via the Gazette de Francfort Sidney Smith had sent him, he was in communication with the British fleet, from which he had learned of events in France.

As Bonaparte saw and later mythologised France was thrown back into retreat, its enemies had recaptured France's conquests, France was unhappy at its dictatorial government and was nostalgic for the glorious peace it had signed in the Treaty of Campo Formio — as Bonaparte saw it, this meant France needed him and would welcome him back. He only shared the secret of his return with a small number of friends whose discretion and loyalty were well-known. He left Cairo in August on the pretext of a voyage in the Nile Delta without arousing suspicion, accompanied by the scholars Monge and Berthollet , the painter Denon , and generals Berthier , Murat , Lannes and Marmont.

As night fell, the frigate Muiron silently moored by the shore, with three other ships escorting her. Some became worried when a British corvette was sighted at the moment of departure, but Bonaparte cried "Bah! We'll get there, luck has never abandoned us, we shall get there, despite the English. On their day voyage back they did not meet a single enemy ship to stop them, with some sources suggesting that Bonaparte had purchased the British fleet's neutrality via a tacit agreement, though others hold this unlikely, since many would argue that he also had a pact with Nelson to leave him to board on the Egyptian coast unopposed with the fleet bearing his large army.

It has been suggested that Sidney Smith and other British commanders in the Mediterranean helped Napoleon evade the British blockade, thinking that he might act as a Royalist element back in France, but there is no solid historical evidence in support of this conjecture.

On 1 October, Napoleon's small flotilla entered port at Ajaccio , where contrary winds kept them until 8 October, when they set out for France. This was the last time Napoleon set foot upon his birthland. Contre-amiral Ganteaume suggested changing course towards Corsica, but Bonaparte said "No, this manoeuvre would lead us to England, and I want to get to France.

As there were no sick men on board and the plague in Egypt had ended six months before their departure, Bonaparte and his entourage were allowed to land immediately without waiting in quarantine. At 6 pm he set off for Paris, accompanied by his chief of staff Berthier. The garrison of Damietta, infantry and cavalry strong, commanded by General Jean-Antoine Verdier encountered the Turks.

The Turks also lost 32 standards and 5 cannons. Menou's letter was published in Le Moniteur on 6 September, with the conclusions of the committee charged with judging those responsible for the assassination:. The committee, after carrying through the trial with all due solemnity and process, thought it necessary to follow Egyptian customs in its application of punishment; it condemned the assassin to be impaled after having his right hand burned ; and three of the guilty sheikhs to be beheaded and their bodies burned.

Finally besieged in Alexandria from 17 August — 2 September, Menou eventually capitulated to the British. Under the terms of his capitulation , the British General John Hely-Hutchinson allowed the French army to be repatriated in British ships. Menou also signed over to Britain the priceless hoard of Egyptian antiquities such as the Rosetta Stone which it had collected.

An unusual aspect of the Egyptian expedition was the inclusion of an enormous contingent of scientists and scholars "savants" assigned to the invading French force, in total. This deployment of intellectual resources is considered as an indication of Napoleon's devotion to the principles of the Enlightenment , and by others as a masterstroke of propaganda obfuscating the true motives of the invasion: the increase of Bonaparte's power.

Their original aim was to help the army, notably by opening a Suez Canal , mapping out roads and building mills to supply food. The Egyptian Institute saw the construction of laboratories, libraries, and a printing press. The group worked prodigiously, and some of their discoveries were not finally cataloged until the s.

Many of the antiquities collected by the French in Egypt were seized by the British Navy and ended up in the British Museum — only about 50 of the 5, Egyptian objects in the Louvre were collected during the — Egyptian expedition. Publications such as these of Napoleon's discoveries in Egypt gave rise to fascination with Ancient Egyptian culture and the birth of Egyptology in Europe. The printing press was first introduced to Egypt by Napoleon.

In the Middle East , Africa, India and even much of Eastern Europe and Russia, printing was a minor, specialised activity until the s at least. From about , the Mutaferrika Press in Istanbul produced substantial amounts of printing, of which some Egyptian clerics were aware of at the time. Juan Cole reports that, "Bonaparte was a master of what we would now call spin, and his genius for it is demonstrated by reports in Arabic sources that several of his more outlandish allegations were actually taken seriously in the Egyptian countryside.

Bonaparte's initial use of Arabic in his printed proclamations was rife with error. In addition to much of the awkwardly translated Arabic wording being unsound grammatically, often the proclamations were so poorly constructed that they were undecipherable. The Maltese language is distantly related to the Egyptian dialect; and classical Arabic differs greatly in grammar, vocabulary, and idiom. Venture de Paradis, who had lived in Tunis , understood Arabic grammar and vocabulary, but did not know how to use them idiomatically.

Over the course of Napoleon's invasion of Egypt, al-Jabarti wrote a wealth of material regarding the French and their occupation tactics. Among his observations, he rejected Napoleon's claim that the French were "muslims" the wrong noun case was used in the Arabic proclamation, making it a lower case "m" and poorly understood the French concept of a republic and democracy— words which did not exist at the time in Arabic.

In addition to its significance in the wider French Revolutionary Wars , the campaign had a powerful impact on the Ottoman Empire in general, and the Arab world in particular. The invasion demonstrated the military, technological, and organisational superiority of the Western European powers to the Middle East. This led to profound social changes in the region. The invasion introduced Western inventions, such as the printing press , and ideas, such as liberalism and incipient nationalism , to the Middle East, eventually leading to the establishment of Egyptian independence and modernisation under Muhammad Ali Pasha in the first half of the 19th century and eventually the Nahda , or Arab Renaissance.

To modernist historians , the French arrival marks the start of the modern Middle East. While the Egyptian Islamic scholar and historian Al-Jabarti was critical of Napoleon and the French, he preferred them over the Ottomans. To Jabarti, Napoleon was compassionate towards Muslims and poor folk and he safeguarded the lives of innocents and civilians.

This was at odds with the "arrogance, cruelty and tyranny" of Ottoman rule , which he characterised as an un-Islamic system marked by corruption, backwardness and summary executions. Although critical of the French Republic and French Revolution , both Jabarti and his disciple Hassan Al-Attar were astonished by French technological advancements and appreciated the fair trials in the French judicial system.

The campaign ultimately ended in failure, with 15, French troops killed in action and 15, by disease. Napoleon's reputation as a brilliant military commander remained intact and continued to increase, despite some of his failures during the campaign. Such propaganda spread back to France, where news of defeats such as at sea in Aboukir Bay and on land in Syria were suppressed.

Napoleonic invasion of Egypt is widely regarded in contemporary academic circles to be "the first act of modern European imperialism " and also criticised for its role in shaping the Civilizing mission narrative of 19th century European colonial empires. According to Professor Edward W. Said , Napoleonic invasion led to the dominance of Orientalist narratives of the Muslim World :. Napoleon's invasion of Egypt in and his foray into Syria have had by far the greater consequence for the modern history of Orientalism.

On September 27, he wrote a letter from Cairo to the first consul, couched in an Oriental style. He regretted being very far away from Napoleon and offered his total devotion to the French nation and expressed the Mamelukes' wish to become the bodyguard to the first consul. They wished to serve him as living shields against those who would seek to harm him.

The first consul became receptive of admitting a unit of carefully selected cavalrymen as his personal guard. He had an officer pay appropriate respects to the foreign troops and provided Napoleon himself with a full report to the number of refugees.

The British Army in Egypt , as it was known was the colloquial name of the forces under command of General Ralph Abercromby , the armies order of battle in March was; [57]. The Royal Navy squadron still in the area cruising off Alexandria was organised into; [59]. The video game, Napoleon: Total War , features an Egyptian Campaign, where players can control French armies throughout the campaigns in Egypt and Syria. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.

French campaign against the Ottomans in — For the 20th-century conflict, see Suez Crisis. Egypt—Syria campaign of the French Revolutionary Wars. War of the Second Coalition : Egypt and Syria. Napoleon in command till 23 August Part of a series on the. Prehistoric Egypt. Ancient Egypt. Greco-Roman Egypt. Medieval Egypt. Rashidun caliphate — Umayyad caliphate — Abbasid dynasty — Tulunid dynasty — Ikhshidid dynasty — Fatimid dynasty — Ayyubid dynasty — Mamluk dynasty — Early modern Egypt.

Late Modern Egypt. British occupation — Sultanate of Egypt — Kingdom of Egypt — Republic —present. Main article: French invasion of Malta. Main articles: Battle of the Pyramids and Battle of the Nile. Further information: Revolt of Cairo. This section does not cite any sources. Please help improve this section by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed.

December Learn how and when to remove this template message. Main article: Siege of Jaffa. Main article: Battle of Mount Tabor Main article: Siege of Acre See also: Global spread of the printing press. British Museum Press. ISBN X. Tricolor and Crescent: France and the Islamic World. ISBN Retrieved Napoleon's Egypt: Invading the Middle East. Palgrave Macmillan. Archived from the original on 6 January Retrieved 2 May Archived from the original on 4 March Archived from the original on 21 August Graff, ; pp.

Available at "Archived copy". Archived from the original on New York: Liveright Publishing Corporation. Garrett County Press. Unwin Brothers, Ltd. Napoleon in Egypt. Random House Publishing Group. Napoleon: A Life. Penguin Random House Publishing Group. Ta'rikh, Muddat al-faransis bi misr.

Cairo: Dar al-Kitab al-Jami'i. Markus Wiener Publishing. A history of the modern Middle East. Michigan University Press. Bell, David Napoleon: A Concise Biography. New York: Oxford University Press. Said, Edward Napoleon's Mamelukes.

New York: Osprey Publishing. French Revolution. Significant civil and political events by year. What Is the Third Estate? Charles-Alexandre Linois. William V, Prince of Orange. Alexander Korsakov Alexander Suvorov. Luis Firmin de Carvajal Antonio Ricardos. Other significant figures and factions. Feuillants and monarchiens. French colonial conflicts. South Carolina Florida —65 Florida Brazil Brazil —67 Brazil — Siam — West Africa —63 Morocco Egypt topics. Alexandria Cairo Port Said. Category Portal WikiProject Commons.

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Date 1 July — 2 September 3 years, 2 months and 1 day. Prehistoric Egypt Prehistoric. Ancient Egypt Early Dynastic Period. Old Kingdom. We do this through workshops, information and guidance as well as targeted compliance and education campaigns to improve safety in high risk industries. Note that in all cases where a difference may be noted: 1 The ENC depiction will more closely resemble real-world features due to scale limitations inherent in paper charts; 2 ENC are used as the source for updating paper charts — updates to paper charts will therefore either be released in parallel with the ENC, or lag behind, but will never precede an ENC update.

Vessel traffic services VTS areas in Australia Vessel traffic services VTS assist domestic and international vessels to avoid dangerous situations in our region. Here is a list of VTS areas in Autralia with specific information. The safety of shipping depends on you having detailed knowledge of, and complying with, regulatory and other obligations and duties we set out according to our legislation.

This quick guide highlights your key obligations when transiting through the Great Barrier Reef and Torres Strait. The QCPP improves the readiness of ships transiting coastal pilotage areas within the Great Barrier Reef and Torres Strait by ensuring voyage plans, waypoints and other planning considerations have been completed in a standardised manner. See also: Passage Plan uniform waypoints.

About the AIS: automatic identification system The AIS is a maritime communications device that improves navigation safety and environmental protection by assisting in the effective navigation of ships. See also: LRIT. Pages from this form should be printed as required and kept as a hard-copy. The radio log, and associated records, must be kept onboard for at least 2 years.

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It outlines the agreed methods of coordination through which search and rescue operations are conducted within Australia. The manual is consistent with the relevant International Conventions to which Australia is party. The National Search and Rescue Manual acts as a set of procedures and guidelines in providing a search and rescue response within Australia. Increase productivity, reduce accidents Seafarers are much more likely to die from injury at work.

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Tide Predictions for Australia, South Pacific and Antarctica To begin with the tide predictions, choose a location from the map or locations list. Tidal predictions are available in html and pdf. For some locations tidal predictions are based on limited observations and therefore expected to be less accurate. The computer model generated maps contain no input from weather forecasters.

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Some waves will be higher and some lower than the significant wave height. The probable maximum wave height can be up to twice the significant wave height. Antarctic - Sea-ice satellite imagery Sea-ice satellite imagery for Antarctic and Southern Ocean with visible and infrared images. The International Antarctic Weather Forecasting Handbook This volume presents a comprehensive account of the theory and practice of weather forecasting in the Antarctic. It splits broadly into two parts.

In the first, the climatology of the Antarctic is reviewed and there are discussions on the nature of the weather systems found over the continent and Southern Ocean. The means used to forecast all the main meteorological elements are discussed as well as the use of satellite data and the output of numerical weather prediction models. In the second part, the meteorological conditions found at various locations around the Antarctic are considered and guidance provided on the forecasting rules and techniques used at specific locations British Antarctic Survey.

Dynamic variations on the surface of the sun can release large amounts of energy in various forms including electromagnetic radiation, charged particles and eruptions of huge clouds of ionised gas. Fact sheet on the potential impacts of space weather This information sheet is designed to assist owners and operators of critical infrastructure better understand the effects of space weather events. These may include disruptions to telecommunication and radio communications systems, satellite navigation systems, energy supply and power grids.

Space weather could also lead to damage or loss of critical infrastructure. An index of 1. It is representative of the deviation of current ionospheric conditions from those expected by an usual GPS receiver. This deviation can cause a position error if it remain uncorrected. S4 Index Ionospheric scintillation occurs when a radio frequency signal traverses a region of small scale irregularities in electron density in the ionosphere. This is a rapid fluctuation of radio-frequency signal amplitude.

The S4 Index quantified this amplitude scintillation with a measure of the short timescale fluctuation in the signal to noise of a transmission. Values over 0. A scintillation index below 0. In ordinary operation the position of a GPS receiver is estimated by measuring the time delay between a radio signal transmitted from each satellite and the reception of that signal at the receiver. Assuming a constant speed of light, this time delay can be converted to a receiver-satellite distance.

By comparing the distance to multiple satellites a GPS receiver can determine its three dimensional position. The ionosphere disrupts this approach since the GPS radio signal is slowed by the presence of free electrons, causing an additional time delay and hence an error in the distance to each satellite. The greater the total number of electrons Total Electron Count, or TEC on the signal path, the greater the time delay. This near-real-time map shows the estimated GPS positioning error, in metres of L1, resulting from the difference between the GPS broadcast Klobuchar model of ionospheric delay and the best current estimate of 'true' ionosheric delay, as observed by SWS.

It is therefore representative of the ionospheric contribution to GPS position error for single-frequency GPS, which at mid-latitudes typically ranges between 1 and 5m. Both enhancements and depressions of the ionosphere can result in reduced GPS positioning accuracy.

The map shows colour contours of position error at GPS L1 ie single frequency , in units of metres. GPS: Position error around Australia due to the ionosphere. These environmental conditions are important for us to monitor as they can affect the performance and reliability of our satellites, navigation systems and radio communications. However advisories for SATCOM will not be issued by any space weather centres until further work is undertaken to develop and validate operationally relevant advisory thresholds for this impact area.

Further information can be found in the companion Space Weather Hazard brochure. Introduction to HF Radio Propagation There can be many reasons why an HF signal may not reach the intended recipient, including solar flares, ionospheric storms, geomagnetic storms, equipment faults and the choice of frequency.

Summary: 1. The ionosphere - 2. HF communications - 3. Effects of solar events on HF communications. Also in HTML. Information available includes inferred global propagation conditions, real time HF fadeout coverage charts, regional ionospheric vertical MUF maps and Hourly Area Prediction charts. Catalogus van navigatiekaarten Navigatiekaarten bevatten alle informatie die van belang is voor een veilige navigatie op zee en andere wateren.

Ook voor de binnenvaart bieden we elektronische kaarten aan HTML. The publication includes the complete set of symbols and abbreviations used on international and national charts produced by the Hydrographic Service of the Royal Netherlands Navy and the Flemish Hydrography.

Symbols and abbreviations displayed in navigation systems that use electronic charts may differ from those described in INT1. De publicatie bevat de complete set symbolen en afkortingen die op internationale en nationale kaarten van de Nederlandse Dienst der Hydrografie en de Vlaamse Hydrografie voorkomen. Symbolen en afkortingen die afgebeeld worden in navigatiesystemen die gebruik maken van elektronische kaarten kunnen afwijken van hetgeen beschreven staat in INT1.

De lichtenlijst geeft een opsomming en beschrijving van de lichten en mistseinen op zee, op de Schelde en op het kanaal Gent-Terneuzen. Correcties en aanvullingen op de lichtenlijst worden in de BaZ gepubliceerd Verbetering. Getijboekjes en getijtafels Tide tables Elk jaar geven wij zowel toeristische getijboekjes als professionele getijtafels uit waarin de voorspellingen worden gepubliceerd. Getijboekje voor de kust is een publicatie voor de niet-professionele gebruiker, waarin de getijwaarden staan voor de locaties Nieuwpoort, Oostende, Blankenberge en Zeebrugge.

Het boekje is bestemd voor de gebruiker aan de wal. De professionele getijtafels bevatten alle waterstanden voor het lopende jaar in Nieuwpoort, Oostende, Blankenberge, Zeebrugge, Vlissingen, Prosperpolder, Antwerpen en Wintam.

De LAT getijdendata worden door de scheepvaart gebruikt. Meer uitleg over deze verandering is te vinden in de brochure. Regio A en Regio B. Berichten aan Zeevarenden - nr. Berichten aan zeevarenden Om de 2 weken publiceren wij een nieuwe editie van de Berichten aan Zeevarenden, ook wel BaZ genoemd. In de publicatie verschijnt recente nautische informatie, die voor de scheepvaart van belang is, met aanvullingen en correcties op de zeekaart. Deze nautische informatie is vrij uiteenlopend.

Deze gegevens moeten gebruikt worden om de zeekaarten bij te werken. Dankzij de bijwerkingen hebben zeelui steeds de meest recente informatie van hun zeekaart. This nautical information is extremely diverse. This information must be applied directly on the nautical charts. These updates guarantee seafarers that their nautical charts always show the most recent information.

Wil je weten welke documenten je verplicht aan boord van jouw pleziervaartuig moet hebben? Weet je niet precies wat wel en wat niet mag op zee en op de binnenwateren? Dan maakt deze brochure je wijzer op het water. Deze brochure is bedoeld als een wijzer voor activiteiten op, aan en in het water. De focus ligt bij alles wat met varen te maken heeft, maar andere activiteiten hebben ook een plaats in deze wijzer. Do you want to know which documents are obligatory to have on board?

Are you trying to figure out what is allowed and what is not at sea and on inland waters? Look no further, we are here to help you out with a new brochure: "Guide on the water". This brochure is meant as a guide for water activities. The focus is on everything to do with sailing, but other activities as well are discussed in this guide.

According to international law, all ships must submit a Maritime Declaration of Health MDH , both when inbound and outbound. Saniport is the competent authority in Belgium; the GGD is the competent authority in the Netherlands.

Bridges and locks, for example, are indicated only very briefly on ENC, while inland navigation obviously requires much more detail on the larger system of buoys, signs and other indications in force on inland waters. Need a free account. Applying correct procedures will set a good example to other traffic participants which will contribute to safety.

Havenkanalen, sluiskanalen, werkkanalen zevaart. Door een juiste toepassing van de procedures zullen andere verkeersdeelnemers het goede voorbeeld volgen wat de veiligheid ten goede zal komen. Tijpoort in relatie tot het toelatingsbeleid in het Scheldegebied Het toelatingsbeleid: voor een veilige en vlotte scheepvaart in het Scheldegebied.

Sommige schepen moeten soms wachten om het Scheldegebied te mogen op- of afvaren. Wat voor rol de zon, de maan, het getij, de bodem van het Scheldegebied en de kielspeling spelen bij het toelatingsbeleid vindt u op de volgende bladzijden terug. In deze Notices to Skippers berichten aan de scheepvaart moeten ze bijvoorbeeld communiceren over de status van de binnenvaartinfrastructuur zoals bruggen en sluizen , over tijdelijke blokkades van de waterwegen, werkzaamheden, het waterniveau en de waterdiepte, ijsinformatie en weerberichten.

Op deze pagina zal het DG S regelmatig informatie plaatsen die verband houdt met het Coronavirus en die nuttig kan zijn voor u. Raadpleeg daarom regelmatig deze pagina. Folder Vaarregels Folder Vaarregels: Vaarregels. Vaarregels in beeld - Binnenwateren Deze brochure "vaarregels in beeld" geeft in tabellen en schema's een overzicht van deze nieuwe op "Europees Reglement voor binnenlandse waterwegen" gebaseerde vaarregels Meer info.

Het initiatief tot oprichting van het LRIT-systeem werd genomen met het oog op het verbeteren van de maritieme veiligheid. Belgische Instituut voor postdiensten en telecommunicatie BIPT Handleiding ter voorbereiding op het examen om het beperkt certificaat van radiotelefonist voor scheepsstations te behalen Handboek VHF Maritiem.

Deze brochure bevat de examenstof om het beperkt certificaat te behalen voor de bediening van een VHF-radiostation op zee en op de binnenwateren. Deze handleiding dient als leidraad voor de radiocommunicatieprocedures bij het gebruik van zendontvangtoestellen op zee en op de binnenwateren, die in de VHF-band werken ,, MHz of de 2-m band. Programmering van de VHF-radiokanalen voor de zee- en binnenvaart Examenreglement voor het verkrijgen van certificaten voor operatoren van scheepsstations Examenreglement voor het verkrijgen van bedieningscertificaten voor radiostations die werken op de frequenties die voorbehouden zijn voor de zeevaart en de binnenvaart.

Het gebruik van een radiostation dat werkt op de frequenties die voorbehouden zijn voor de zeevaart en voor de binnenvaart impliceert het bezit van een gepast bedieningscertificaat. Stelt dit reglement de voorwaarden vast voor het verkrijgen van de voornoemde bedieningscertificaten overeenkomstig de internationale bepalingen die ter zake van toepassing zijn vastgesteld.

Rios Amazonas, Jari e Trombetas. Lagoas dos Patos e Mirim. Existem 53 portos cadastrados. Escala The first glossary of snow and ice features in Portuguese is proposed to attend increasing needs of the Brazilian Antarctic and glaciological communities.

Two hundred terms are defined and equivalents are given in English, French, German and Spanish. Its main purpose is to provide mariners and users in general with information destined to update Brazilian nautical charts and publications that affect the maritime area and national inland waters fluvial and lacustrine areas. The probable maximum wave height can be up to twice the significant wave height SMM. Corrections cumulatives des Instructions nautiques. Forrester, Annonces et messages importants Trouvez des annonces et messages importants touchant la section de notre site Web qui traite des cartes et des services marins.

The Canadian Hydrographic Service offers two charts for instructional purposes. These charts represent a cross-section of content found on Canadian charts and are used by marine training programs as part of their course and examination materials. These instructional charts contain "fictitious data" that has been included for training purposes and should not be used for navigation.

Sailing Directions The Sailing Directions booklets are an indispensable companion to nautical charts. They are a great tool for planning and assisting in navigation because they provide information that cannot be shown on a chart. It is the mariners' responsibility to maintain their digital Sailing Directions file by ensuring that the latest version is always downloaded.

If the mariner chooses to print their own Sailing Directions booklet, it is imperative that the current Notices to Mariners updates are applied. Cumulative Corrections for Sailing Directions. A compilation of data and services relevant to mariners travelling in the Arctic region of Canada. The intent of the AVPG is to provide a comprehensive digital planning tool for mariners considering an Arctic voyage.

The information provided in this guide should be used together with all other relevant information, as required by law, standards and good seamanship practices. The AVPG is not intended to replace official carriage information or products provided from Canadian sources Canadian Tide and Current Tables Tide tables include predicted times and heights of the high and low waters associated with the vertical movement of the tide. They're available in table, graphic and text formats for over stations in Canada.

These tables are necessary for obtaining the depth of water under the keel or over a shoal, for anchoring and for establishing the appropriate times for beaching a boat. Current tables provide predicted slack water times and maximum current times and velocities associated with the horizontal movement of the tide.

Tides Currents and Water Levels The Tides, Currents, and Water Levels Web Site provides predicted times and heights of high and low waters, and the hourly water levels for over seven hundred stations in Canada.

The printed version is published yearly and is available through the authorized chart dealers. It is also possible to obtain water level observations. The information available on this Web site may vary slightly from the information in the official documents published annually by the Department of Fisheries and Oceans and entitled Canadian Tide and Current Tables.

In case of disparity, the information contained in the official publications will prevail. Canadian Tidal Manual The Canadian Tidal Manual is designed to provide the theoretical background and the technical instruction necessary for the effective performance of the tasks involved in gathering and using tide, current, and water level information on hydrographic field surveys Warren D. Tidal Glossary David Pugh, Oceanography of the British Columbia coast This book deals with the physical aspects of the sea as exemplified by the Pacific Ocean and the contiguous waters of the British Columbia coast.

Although principally devoted to waves, currents, and tides, the book spans a broad spectrum of topics ranging from meteorology and marine biology to past and present marine geology. It attempts to elucidate the nature of oceanic motions and to relate them to everyday experience for the general interest of the casual reader and for the practical benefit of the professional mariner, scientist, or engineer DFO Library.

Announcements and important messages Find announcements and important messages concerning the nautical charts and services section of our website. This includes scheduled maintenance, reported issues with tide and current tables, and changes to how nautical information is communicated. Update your nautical charts Many mariners understand the importance of having charts onboard but it is just as important to ensure that your charts are up to date.

If a buoy has changed or there is a new obstruction, you need to know about it before you encounter it, not after. How to update your chart, digital charts and paper charts. Canadian Coast Guard publications Find corporate information and publications from our programs and services: Corporate information, Environmental response, Fleet, Icebreaking, Marine communications and traffic services MCTS , Maritime security, Navigation, Wrecked, abandoned or hazardous vessels, Search and rescue.

This publication describes, in detail, the characteristics of the aids to navigation system in Canada, including lights, buoys, lightstations, fog signals and more. It also includes a full-colour poster that describes how to use the system.

List of Lights, Buoys and Fog Signals Providing key information about Canadian Coast Guard approved and managed lights, buoys and fog signals, including position, characteristics, height and reference charts. The main purpose of RAMN is to present information on radio communications and radio navigational aids services provided in Canada by the Canadian Coast Guard.

Radio facilities of other government agencies that contribute to the safety of ships in Canadian waters are also included. Publication in one volume for: Atlantic, St. This network provides coverage to Canadian coastal areas, major waterways, Vessel Traffic Services zones and ports. Ice Navigation in Canadian Waters The bitter Atlantic winter weather can bring harsh challenges for ships navigating on the east coast of Canada. Two metre thick ice and six metre high ridges are common off the north-east coast of Newfoundland and in the Gulf of St.

This manual aims to assist ships operating in ice in all Canadian waters, including the Arctic. This document will provide Masters and watchkeeping crew of vessels transiting Canadian ice-covered waters with the necessary information to achieve an understanding of the hazards, navigation techniques, and response of the vessel.

Icebreaking operations services The Canadian Coast Guard provides icebreaking services for commercial ships, ferries and fishing vessels in ice-covered Canadian waters, including vessel escorts, harbour breakouts, maintaining shipping routes and providing ice information services. These services ensure safe navigation, prevent the formation of ice jams and flooding and maintain open routes for maritime commerce. Fishing can be a dangerous activity that involves an extremely high level of risk.

While Canadian fish harvesters are encouraged to achieve safety through preventative actions, there are times when additional measures are necessary. When dealing with emergencies, fish harvesters should understand three important components of the SAR system: alerting, detection and response.

Notices to Mariners Annual Edition This annual edition provides information on the aids to navigation system in Canada, pilotage services, marine communications and traffic services, search and rescue, marine occurrences and pollution, marine protected areas, fishing activity, national defence notices and a variety of general information regarding marine navigation safety.

Notices to Mariners Monthly Edition Published monthly and available from the Canadian Coast Guard both online or through a free hardcopy subscription service. This essential publication provides the latest information on changes to the aids to navigation system, as well as updates from CHS regarding CHS charts and publications. It will advise you of our new initiatives, services and also of some important announcements concerning the maritime community.

Les vagues maximales peuvent atteindre 2 fois la hauteur significative. In addition to this, descriptive marine synopses are also issued. National Marine Weather Guide Met The National Marine Weather Guide is intended to provide mariners of all levels of ability with practical information and advice on safe navigation on the wide range of weather conditions they may encounter while travelling in Canadian waters. Also the weather guide in PDF format.

Regional marine weather guides The regional marine weather guides complete the National Guide and contains information on specific local weather effects. Ontario regional marine guide British Columbia Regional Marine Guide Quebec regional marine guide Prairies regional marine guide Atlantic Canada regional marine guide Arctic regional marine guides Regional marine weather information These quick reference guides outline the marine weather forecast services available for all marine areas that receive an Environment Canada forecast.

Lawrence River - Atlantic Coast. The VOS program has been discontinued within Canada. Hurricane season runs from June through November when the waters of the Atlantic Ocean are warm enough to produce a tropical cyclone. Just be prepared". Lawrence This guide is designed especially for mariners on the St Lawrence. The guide contains: Full details on wind and sea conditions - A description of the geography of the St Lawrence - A listing of some locations in which wind and sea combine to create special, and sometimes dangerous, situations - The main warning signs indicating a change in weather - Information on marine weather forecasts - Details on how to obtain forecasts directly and quickly Wave Model Forecasts Access information for two days on wave modelling.

Maps for the following areas : Atlantic Gulf of St. Height in meters. Maximum waves may be up to twice the significant height. It describes the standard procedures of the Canadian Ice Service CIS for observing, recording and reporting ice conditions. Also available in PDF file.

Colours are used to enhance ice charts for presentations and briefings. The colour codes allow users to make a quick assessment of the general ice conditions and to visually follow trends. It is important to remember that the colours alone cannot be used for navigation decisions and that more detailed ice information is contained within the Egg Code.

Ice and iceberg bulletins or charts The Ice Products Guide: the Canadian Ice Service CIS provides a variety of products, representing accurate and timely information about ice and iceberg conditions in Canadian waters. Marine Forecasts and Warnings for Canada Map with advisories, watches and warnings. The Marine Warning and Watches Program provides advisories to mariners or marine interests to inform them of marine weather conditions that may pose a hazard to their safety, security, or operation.

Advisories are issued for specific weather events that are quite severe and could significantly impact Canadians. Watches alert you about weather conditions that are favourable for a storm or severe weather, which could cause safety concerns. As certainty increases about the path and strength of a storm system, a watch may be upgraded to a warning, which is an urgent message that severe weather is either occurring or will occur.

Image et description texte de l'image. Mon entreprise. Visitor Information Requirements for foreign recreational boaters in Canadian waters. All recreational boaters, both foreign and domestic, are expected to know the rules that govern their safe enjoyment in Canadian waters. Once in Canadian waters, you must follow the rules that govern safety equipment, the safe operation of your pleasure craft, and protection of the environment that apply in Canada.

Safe Boating Guide TP E Transport Canada publishes this resource to make sure that you know the regulations that apply to boating and that you learn more about safe and responsible boating practices. Boating is fun, but about people die and many more get seriously injured every year in boating incidents.

Most boating deaths and injuries can be avoided. While this guide offers a basic overview of boating safety, it should not be your only source of information. Table of contents: Introduction, Geting started, Before you go, On the water, In an emergency, Contact information and reference cards. All mariners know the hazards of working at sea.

Every year more than marine incidents are reported to the Canadian Marine Administration of Transport Canada. This booklet has been prepared by the Canadian Coast Guard to explain those regulations. References to specific sections of the official regulations are included so you can find more detailed information if you need it Distress and safety radiotelephone procedures TP E Distress procedures.

Distress, urgency ans safety signals. Figure and text description of figure. The Log shall be located at the main operating position of the ship radio station while the ship is at sea. It must be available for inspection by any person authorized by Transportation Safety Board of Canada, Transport Canada, a Radio Inspector or a authorized representative of another Administration. Small Fishing Vessel Safety Manual TP E This publication is a Safety Manual for small fishing vessels and discusses topics such as: stability, emergencies, navigating safely, life saving equipment, weather information, distress signals, safety on the job and equipment and installation.

This handbook provides information on safety on small fishing vessels under 24 metres , and is intended primarily for vessels where the Master or Operator does not hold a certificate of competency or has limited vocational training.

Document also available in PDF format. Small Commercial Vessel Safety Guide TP E This guide is for owners and operators of small commercial vessels because you are responsible, by law, for knowing, controlling and defending against the risks related to your vessel and its use. The purpose of this guide is to inform you of these responsibilities, and to let you know the safety requirements that apply to your operation and how to comply with them to avoid accidents.

The information in this guide relates to: assenger-carrying commercial vessels that are not more than 15 gross tonnage and that carry no more than 12 passengers; and workboats commercial vessels that do not carry passengers that are not more than 15 gross tonnage.

Collision regulations with Canadian modifications. Table of Contents: 1 Interpretation; 2 Prohibition; 3 Application; 4 Compliance; 5 Proof of compliance — lights, shapes, sound-signalling appliances and radar reflectors; 6 Standards — lights, shapes, sound-signalling appliances and radar reflectors; 7 Notices to mariners and notices to shipping; Schedule International regulations for preventing collisions at sea, with Canadian modifications.

Reference cards about rules of the road and buoys Rules of the road TP Lateral buoys and standard daybeacons TP Cardinal buoys and special buoys TP Arctic Shipping Arctic shipping in Canada is governed by several pieces of legislation. These laws relate to voyage reporting requirements, pollution prevention rules, cruise ships, polar class vessel requirements, crewing requirements. Guidelines for the Operation of Passenger Vessels in Canadian Arctic Waters TP E These Guidelines are intended to provide information on the requirements of Federal and Territorial government agencies during the planning phase of cruises and during the subsequent Arctic voyages.

The Guidelines are intended to assist cruise operators in achieving successful voyages and promoting good relations with all the cultures of the North. The reader should note that this publication is not a legal document. The focus of these Guidelines is the safe and pollution-free operation of cruise ships in Canadian Arctic waters.

It is a pictorial guide that outlines the four steps that are needed to apply the Ice Regime System. First, the user characterizes the Ice Regime. Second, the Classdependent Ice Multipliers are obtained. Finally, the Ice Numeral is used to decide whether the vessel should proceed or take an alternate route.

Seafarers that are not familiar with vessels operating in ice conditions may not fully appreciate the risks involved and in consequence may not be adequately prepared. The goal of this publication is to to provide a better understanding of hazards which may be encountered when transiting Eastern Canadian ice covered waters during the winter navigation season.

The goal is also to identify precautions that can be taken and recurring problems encountered every winter season in various locations of a vessel in an attempt to bring practical solutions. This report was requested by the Marine Safety Directorate of Transport Canada to address the problem of survival in cold waters. It is divided into six specific chapters: 1 A brief introduction to the problem; 2 The physiology of cold water immersion; 3 The research that has been conducted to protect the human from the dangers of sudden cold water immersion; 4 The design and development of current immersion suits; 5 The inter-relationship between the immersion suit and the lifejacket; 6 A review of the different groups of people who fly over, work on or play on the water and what protection these groups need.

Document also available in format PDF. Transport Canada is proud to present a series of videos on operating your small vessel safely and responsibly. Follow us across Canada as we explore safety issues and solutions with vessel owners like you: My Vessel.

My Business. My Responsibility. You can search for a ship's official number or by name, or use the advanced search page which permits searching on a wider variety of attributes. It also assists with the administration of many others. Access to the full text of federal Acts and Regulations is provided by the Department of Justice Canada, which is responsible for maintaining the Consolidated Statutes of Canada. Marine Safety Publications Marine safety and security publications by Transport Canada: Standards, safe practices, guidelines, forms, guides, examination guides, program descriptions, training materials, notices.

The list is sorted by Transport Publication number TP. Marine safety publications are also available on the Government of Canada publications site. Ship Safety Bulletins TP Ship Safety Bulletins are aimed at owners, authorized representatives and operators of commercial vessels, including other interested marine industry stakeholders.

All new edition charts by SHOA are in accordance with this publication. Mas informacion sobre las horas de las predicciones entregadas. Tides Predictions To know the tide at a certain date: tidal predictions for the month with a choice between 2 months. More about the time of the forecast on all the information is conveyed. Publications: Free Downloads Publications: Oceanographic publications, hydrographic publications and others.

Cartas en colores con olas de 5 metros y mas. Se recomienda descargar este archivo y trabajar desde su PC. Altura en metros. Color maps with waves of 5 meters or more. Color maps with wave forecast for the Drake Passage. Also loop file and slideshow loop. Save this file as a simple version designed for mariners and internet users with low bandwidth access. Ice charts for the Antarctic Peninsula Tierra de O'Higgins In section 5 Sea Ice of the page ice reports, satellite images and concentration ice charts with egg code.

Estrecho de Magallanes: rutas y direcciones de pilotaje Derroteros con rutas, regulaciones y direcciones de pilotaje para le Estrecho de Magallanes, canales y fiordos chilenos. Strait of Magellan: routes and information for piloting Sailing directions with routes, regulations and information for piloting for the Strait of Magellan, Chilean channels and fiords. Como navegante, es posible que usted tenga que rescatar a personas en peligro en el mar. Es posible que le avisen con poco tiempo y que haya vidas que dependan de usted.

Debe usted leerla ahora y remitirse a ella mientras se dirija al lugar del suceso a fin de prepararse para las operaciones de rescate. Notwithstanding that participation in the system is voluntary, domestic regulations provide that all foreign vessel bound to a Chilean port must report her arrival at least 24 hours in advance.

When foreign vessels navigate inland waters of the Chilean Republic they must report their position at Z and Z. Under other conditions, the system considers a daily report between Z and Z. Chilean flagged vessels must report their position at Z and Z daily. It is not only for users to update their nautical charts and publications, but also for mariners to assist their navigation.

To view the Notices, you need to download: ReaderSetup. The Notices to Mariners offered on this website are for reference only. For details, please see the paper edition of Chinese Notices to Mariners. In order to keep navigation safety and prevent sea pollution, all vessels which navigate in the Chinese coastal ports and fairways must fit out the updated charts and other relative navigation publications, which are published by China MSA, the official publishing office of the Chinese coastal port and fairway charts.

With the right mouse button chose "View image". Click on the image. Online Chinese coastal and fairway charts with medium definition scan. File in doc format. The List of Lights includes: maritime navigational aids including visual navigational aids , some important parts of the fishery navigational aids and enterprise navigational aids.

The coverage of the List of Lights is Chinese coast port and fairway including Hongkong and Macao, but Taiwan is not contained for now. Vessel Traffic Service User's Guide These guides are published in order to provide the users with a brief introduction to the vessel traffic services hereinafter referred to as VTS and the requirement of the vessel traffic services center concerning traffic management and service and the navigation information which may be necessary for the vessels, thus to promote the understanding and cooperation between VTS center and users, and to ensure the safety of navigation, promote the traffic efficiency and protect the environment.

Navigational warnings Navigational warnings in English. The data was collected and integrated by iGMAS global tracking stations. PDOP reflects the amplification effect to the user ranging error which is caused by spatial geometry of visible satellites and the receiver. The smaller the PDOP, the higher the positioning accuracy. The data was collected and integrated by global tracking stations.

Under a fixed user error range, the smaller the PDOP, the higher the positioning accuracy. The Position Dilution of Precision PDOP is used to characterize the relative positioning relationship between navigation satellite and user. Hazardous conditions can occur outside of the cone. The evaluation results obtained by using this system are for reference only. The user shall make a decision according to the specific ship condition, cargo, loading state and the actual weather conditions at that time.

The system development and release units do not assume any legal responsibility. The positions on the chart are referred to the WGS84 Datum. The depths are in metres and reduced to the Chart Datum, which is approximately the Lowest Astronomical Tide. Red to Port, Green to Starboard. Real Time Tide In the interest of quick delivery of information, all real-time tide data in the website have not been subjected to quality control.

They are provided by the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region as a service to the public and may be used for informational purpose only. These predictions will deviate from the actual conditions in the field since temporal and localised meteorological effects and non-tidal flow variations could not be taken into account.

According to the comparison of the predicted data with the actual field observed data, the average difference in current peak magnitude ranges from 0. Not to be used for navigation. The BGL is a reference for all port users requiring pilotage services. In order to expedite the arrangement of operation involving pilotage, the BGL set out the agreed operational parameters and measures which were endorsed by the Pilotage Advisory Committee PAC.

Owners, operators and agents of ships are encouraged to disseminate relevant information contained in this BGL to their masters of ships. Marine Traffic Control Vessel Traffic Services are provided to vessels visiting Hong Kong to ensure their safety and to facilitate their arrival and departure as expeditiously as possible.

Also global plan of typhoon shelters and sheltered anchorages. Hong Kong Observatory Hong Kong Weather Services for Shipping The main purpose of this publication is to provide under one cover information on the weather services provided by the Hong Kong Observatory for mariners at sea and in the harbour of Hong Kong.

Target readers include crew of ocean-going ships, operators of ship companies, and professionals and other members of the public engaged in offshore and onshore marine activities. Tropical Cyclone Track Information Only tropical cyclones centred within the area bounded by N and E will be shown on this website. Also: Warning for shipping. Tides in Hong Kong are mixed and mainly semi-diurnal.

On most of the days in a month, there are two high tides and two low tides. As the predicted times and heights of the high and low tides are derived for average meteorological conditions, the observed tides may differ from those predicted when the actual meteorological conditions deviate from the mean. The real-time tide data are provided as a service to the public and may be used for informational purpose only.

International Time Zone World map with international time zone and time. The time displays in this page are obtained from your computer clock. It aims at providing the latest news and development of weather services for the marine community. The Cruising Guide to Columbia The Cruising Guide to Columbia: "Its Exotic Caribbean and Pacific Coasts" provides useful information for cruisers navigating the Pacific and the Caribbean coastlines of Colombia on yachts, mega yachts, and sailboats, as well as tourist information.

Adriatic Sea - Portal operativne oceanografije Visoke i niske vode [m]. Also for some places: waves, wind and pressure. Adriatic Sea, Croatia. To access the nautical charts on the Geoportal: At the bottom and in the middle of the page click on the "List of layers" then on the left window click on "Male karte v2". Navigacijski radiooglasi Navigacijski radiooglasi na snazi. Information published on the web pages of Radio Navigational Warnings e-Service shall not be considered as official information for the safety of navigation!

Ispravci karata - III. Ispravci peljara - IV. Ispravci popisa svjetala - V. Ispravci kataloga - VII. Navigacijski radiooglasi - VIII. Contents: I. Corrections to Charts - III. Corrections to Sailing Directions - IV. Corrections to List of Lights - V. Corrections to Radio Service - VI. Corrections to Catalogue - VII. Also maps of coast stations.

With the new digital guide, navigators can familiarise themselves in advance about e. The online edition is maintained and updated on a regular basis. Den danske Havnelods websted "Den danske Havnelods" indeholder opdaterede oplysninger om danske havne og 33 danske broer. For hver havn er der en tekst med oplysninger, havneplaner og foto s. Havnenes faciliteter er vist med piktogrammer. Oplysningerne om broerne indeholder tekst og foto s.

Den danske Lods - Generelle oplysninger "Den danske Lods - Generelle oplysninger" indeholder informationer af almen interesse for sejlads i danske farvande. It is generally difficult to navigate near Greenland for mariners who are not familiar with the conditions. Mariners intending to navigate in the waters surrounding Greenland can use the portal to obtain an overview of the websites of relevant authorities and institutions that provide information about safe navigation in these waters.

The pilot contains information on topics and conditions that are necessary to be aware of when navigating in Greenland waters. Greenland Harbour Pilot Information about cities, settlements and stations. The Greenland Harbour Pilot on the internet contains updated information on 36 Greenlandic harbours towns, settlements and stations.

This book is divided into 11 regional descriptions from south to north, each of which is divided into three sub-sections: 1 Navigation of the area - 2 Approaches and access to waterways fjords , towns, villages, etc - 3 Harbours and anchorages. This book is divided into 11 regional descriptions from south to north, each of which is divided into three sub-sections: 1 Navigation of the area - 2 Approaches and access to waterways - 3 Harbours and anchorages.

The new charts use new Greenlandic orthography as opposed to the older charts as well as some publications that use old Greenlandic orthography. Behind the nautical chart - Surveying, reliability and use Behind the Nautical Chart is a tool for understanding the surveying, reliability and use of nautical charts. The improved accuracy of satellite systems and the increased use of electronic navigational charts have led navigators to expect much more from their nautical charts than the charts are generally able to live up to.

For yderligere rettelser herunder midlertidige henvises til EfS. This is why the Danish Geodata Agency recommends that nautical charts and publications are kept up to date and that the latest editions are used. First and foremost, all shipping companies, ships and seafarers should follow the advice and guidance from The Danish Health Authority and The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark.

Navigation through Danish Waters With the object of ensuring the navigational safety of large ships passing through Danish waters, the Danish government has established a transit route between Skagen the Skaw and the area northeast of Gedser. The route is named "Route T". Medical care guidelines and manuals The Centre for Maritime Health Service develops and updates guidelines and manuals for persons in charge medical care on an ongoing basis.

The routes will increase the safety of navigation for the 70, ships that pass through the waters annually. Safety of navigation in Greenland waters A safety package containing regulations and information about special Greenland conditions is available to ships embarking on voyages in Greenland waters. With IMO regulations, circulars and guidelines. By the FCOO. Danmark: map with MSI for the Sound February Guidelines for nautical information The Danish Maritime Authority publishes warnings regarding conditions that may present a risk or be of considerable inconvenience to seafarers in Danish waters as well as Notices to Mariners for the entire Danish Realm.

Together, these warnings and notices are referred to as nautical information. Nautical information is communicated through various media. Nautical information: interactive map The chart shows current Notices to Mariners EfS for Denmark, Greenland and the Faroe Islands, Defence shootings in the shooting areas plotted in the chart, as well as Danish navigational warnings. Click the chart for further details. Also: Details and List. Transmission of meteorological notices - Charts and publications and their maintenance Isbrydning Isbrydning i danske farvande er som udgangspunkt underlagt fri konkurrence, og derfor er skibsfarten selv ansvarlig for at kontrahere og betale for den rekvirerede isbrydningskapacitet.

Ismeldetjenesten Ismelding for de danske farvande. Issituationen i de danske farvande Fra den 1. Koden er beskrevet i figurerne nedenfor. Ice extent and ice drift in the Arctic Ocean Monitoring of ice extent and sea ice motion in the Arctic is an important research and development task, both from climate and human activities perspectives.

The Ice Service produces overview charts as well as more detailed regional ice charts: the Cape Farewell region, the west coast and also the east coast of Greenland. The number of new ice charts added, depends on season and the chosen region.

High-resolution sea ice forecast for Greenland High-resolution sea ice forecast around Greenland for the upcoming 5 days: Ice concentration, ice thickness and ice drift speed. Demonstration product - in development SalienSeas. The maps are updated twice daily at UTC and UTC , showing the latest available satellite-based observations. Fortolkning af iskort, Iskortarkiv, Ismelding, Sikunik nalunaarut. Significant wave height forecast Five day ocean forecast for significant wave height and others parameters like: Surface temperature, Surface salinity, Surface current, Drift current, Sea level, Ice thickness, Ice concentration, Ice convergence, Ice drift, Ice temperature, Icing index, Wind, Significant wave height, Dominant wave period, Swell height, Swell period.

Forecast updated every 6 hours. Tide tables for Danmark, Faroe and Grennland The tide tables list the times for high and low water and the corresponding high and low tidal water heights. Tidal heights should be added to the depth shown in the chart to obtain the water depths at high and low tide. Hora local y altura en metros. Aviso a los navegantes Aviso diarios y mensuales a los navegantes para el Ecaudor. Seleccionar el tipo de aviso que desea buscar: Diarios o Mensuales.

Navigational charts cover both sea areas and navigable inland waters. Current navigational charts and Cartograms for Estonia. A complete database of Estonian aids to navigation is also accessable. Sailing Directions for Estonian Waters Sailing Directions will be published digitally in four parts that correspond to geographical regions, and the publication can be downloaded free of charge. We recommend printing out the necessary parts of the Sailing Directions A4 format.

Sailing Directions are updated once a month according to the changes of the navigational information. Gulf of Riga: 1. Lootsiraamatu osasid korrigeeritakse vastavalt navigatsiooniteabe muutumisele kord kuus. International Maritime Conventions Conventions the republic of Estonia has acceded. The application works on all platforms, allowing GPS positioning, making queries of data objects, using measuring and drawing tools and sending feedback on the application to Estonian Maritime Administration.

Estonian Maritime Administration recommends not to use the Web application as primary tool for navigation, because its operation depends on availability of the data communication!. Information for Winter Navigation Information for winter navigation with procedure for icebreaking, traffic restrictions, links Navigational warnings for Estonia Navigatsioonihoiatused List of navigational warnings with map by the Estonian Transport Administration.

In the monthly editions of Notices to Mariners, the Estonian Maritime Administration publishes corrections to navigational charts, List of Lights and Sailing Directions issued by the Administration. Reviews will be based on the incidence of the coronavirus. These instructions issued by the Finnish Border Guard during the pandemic use the terms Border traffic returned to normal, Restriction category 1 and Restriction category 2.

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How To Spend 10 Days In Italy Italy Bucket List Best hikes in italy italy travel tips how to have the best italy vacation where to go in Italy cutest places to see in italy prettiest places in italy where to eat in italy things to do in italy what to do in italy where to stay in italy travel tips for your italy vacation road trip tips for italy what to eat in italy hotspots in italy italy italian traveltips.

Europe Travel Guide. Travel Guides. Travel Abroad. Romantic Destinations. Romantic Travel. Travel Destinations. Romantic Escapes. Alors pour en profiter, notre premier conseil que nous pourrions vous donner serait de dormir sur place pour profiter du calme du soir. Italy Holiday Destinations. Milan Travel. Emilia Romagna. Milan City. Online Travel Agent. Cities In Italy. Milan en trois jours. Travel Tips. Stations De Ski. Les Cascades. Nature Photos. All Over The World.

Alleghe Dolomites. Ville Rose. Mount Everest. Adventure Travel. Beautiful Places. Us Travel. Family Travel. Us Destinations. Urban Survival. Beautiful Places In The World. Amazing Places. Amazing Nature. View Photos. The Good Place. Milan est l'une des principales villes d' Italie, et la capitale du pays dans bien des domaines : industrie, commerce, finance, innovation Est-ce vraiment le cas? Doit-on lui consacrer du temps lors de son voyage en Italie?

Voici notre avis. Milano voyage travel Italy Italia. Voyage Rome. Nord Est. Week End En Amoureux. Places Worth Visiting. Italy Trip. Food To Go. Food And Drink. Food Food. Road Trip Snacks. Road Trips. Rome City. World Traveler. Land Scape. Beautiful World. Street View. Visiter San Gimignano, en plein coeur de la Toscane!

Les Escapades visitent San Gimignano Europe Wallpaper. Travel Around The World. Trevi Fountain. Slow Travel. Sicily Travel. Places To Visit. Randonner sur l'etna en Sicile rando sicile etna. Street Art. Travel Goals. Travel Inspiration. Rome Roma. Weekend In Venice. Voici quoi visiter lors de votre voyage en Sicile :. Isola Bella, le joyau de Taormina, en Sicile Vous souhaitez visiter la Sardaigne?

Quels sont vos endroits favoris? Bonjour je souhaite visiter les Cinque Terre, Florence et Pise est ce faisable? Que vous me conseillez vous? Le minimum serait de 4 jours complets:. Je pars la semaine prochaine en Italie, je voudrais faire le Sud, la partie qui est moins connue pas Naples. Je viens de lire sur Les Pouilles car je suis partant.

Vous pouvez consulter tous les horaires et tarifs sur ce site: Directferries cliquez ici. Pour visiter les Pouilles en 7 jours, je vous conseille vraiment de louer une voiture sinon vous allez perdre beaucoup de temps dans le bus ou le train. Vous pouvez regarder sur Rentalcars. Aussi il faut dire que la nourriture est excellente ainsi que les gelatos.

Vous les trouverez ici: Destination italie. Bonjour super site pour nous aider. Je souhaite venir fin octobre et programme la ville de rome et venise. Trajet entre rome et venise?? Depart de paris. Encore merci. Merci pour cet article inspirant de beaux voyages. Je pense planifier une semaine en Italie cet hiver. Nous aimons visiter, marcher, et se baigner! Difficile de choisir entre le Nord avec ses lacs , le Sud Naples, Capri ou le centre Florence, sienne….

Que me conseillez-vous? Vous pouvez par exemple consacrer une dizaine de jours pour Naples et les alentours et le reste pour les Pouilles. Vous trouverez tous mes articles sur les Pouilles ici: Destination Les Pouilles.

Avec mon conjoint nous aimerions partir quelques jour en Italie 9 jours. Mais ce ne sont pas des via Ferrata en bord de mer mais en montagne. Rome et ses alentours ne permettent pas vraiment de faire de belles randos, cela reste de la ville.

Vous pouvez aussi consulter tous mes articles sur le pays ici: Destination Italie. Merci beaucoup. Bon courage. De rien! Aller vers Bari, puis les Pouilles , puis la Sicile. Connaissez vous les conditions de circulation et de stationnement pour les camping cars? Encore une question…. Les chiens sont ils admis dans les transports en commun?

Vous risquez de ne faire que de la route et de ne pas profiter du tout. Mais de garder la Sardaigne et la Corse pour une autre fois. Et pour la Corse ici: Destination Corse. Ca devrait bien vous aider. Bonjour quel conseil pour passer 5 jours en Italie dans un endroit tranquille entre mer et montagne sans trop de visites.

Bonjour, nous passerons 6 jours en Italie , du 23 au 29 avril. On veut partir de Rome vers la Venise. Je vous conseille soit: -De passer 3 jours dans chaque ville: Rome, Florence et Venise. Nous partirons de Paris en avion. Par exemple commencer la semaine par Florence quelques jours et puis rejoindre les Cinque Terre et repartir en avion de La Spezia? Vous pouvez regarder les horaires et les tarifs en cliquant sur ce lien: Omio.

Vous pouvez aussi visiter facilement Pise et Sienne dans les alentours.

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Blog voyage en italie torrent A manifesto of the Great Lord was published widely throughout Egypt, stating:. Positions are expressed in coordinates. New York: Osprey Publishing. The French troops met some initial resistance but pressed forward. I shall be able to unite all the wise and educated men of all the countries and establish a uniform regime based on click here principles of the Quran which alone are true and which alone can lead men to happiness. The means used to forecast all the main meteorological elements are discussed as well as the use of satellite data and the output of numerical weather prediction models. Publications such as these of Napoleon's discoveries in Egypt gave rise to fascination with Ancient Egyptian culture and the birth of Egyptology in Europe.
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